National ROTC Coverage: 1916 - 1949
Archive material relating to the Deans of Harvard College. Comment: This general archive listing contains much authoritative
information about the history of ROTC at Harvard. It documents how
Harvard terminated some of the required elements of an ROTC program
specified under the ROTC Vitalization Act of 1964 (Part
1 Part 2), thus terminating the ROTC
- January 1916: Harvard formed the first Army ROTC unit.
- 3 January 1916 Harvard Crimson article "Captain
Cordier in command: first drill will be held this week and lecture given
- 5 January 1916 Harvard Crimson article "Regiment
commander gave detailed plans".
- 1 June 1916 Harvard Crimson article "New
appeals from graduates". Note: Discussion of
preparations for implementing the Reserve Officers' Act.
- 5 June 1916 Harvard Crimson article "624
enrolments at end of preparedness week". Note: An army
captain describes the purpose of ROTC and summarizes with "It seems
only appropriate that the oldest university in the country should have a due
proportion of its graduates enrolled in the Reserve Officers' Training
- 23 September 1916 Harvard Crimson article "Reserve
force proposed". Note: Army Captain Constant Cordier is
designated by the Secretary of War as professor of military science and
tactics and a regular member of the faculty, as well as commandant of the
reserve officers' training corps at Harvard.
- 28 September 1917 Harvard Crimson article "Military
men begin study". Note: The article describes
how "Military Science and Tactics 1" will be the nucleus for the
ROTC program at Harvard, and mentions the ongoing program at MIT.
- 29 September 1917 Harvard Crimson article "New
course lacks students". Note: Enough students
turn up to form an ROTC program but the article suggests that more would be
- 6 February 1917 Harvard Crimson article "Enrollment
in Yale Reserve Officer' Corps completed"
- 29 March 1917 Harvard Crimson article "Students
urged to train for service as officers". Note: The
professor heading Harvard University's Committee on Military Affairs writes
to all students urging them to use their special abilities in case of war by
qualifying as officers rather than enlisting as privates.
- 9 April 1917 Harvard Crimson article "Praises
spirit of R.O.T.C.". Note: This article
describes the founding of Harvard Army ROTC.
- 19 May 1917 Harvard Crimson article "R.O.T.C.
will hike July 16 to August 15". Note: This describes
early ROTC training at Harvard.
- 20 December 1917 Harvard Crimson unsigned opinion piece "Officers
from the ranks". Note: It is observed that the "duty
of R. O. T. C.'s is to provide not merely candidates for special camps, but
soldiers with sufficient bearing and knowledge to mark them out at once as
- 26 April 1919 Harvard Crimson article "Government
plans call for 14 coast artillery units". Note: The US
government concluded that "The war has demonstrated conclusively that
our colleges and universities furnish the best material for officers from
- 15 October 1923 Harvard Crimson article "Military
science has two fold duty". Note: Head of Army ROTC at
Harvard discusses the "duties to discharge both to the War Department
and to Harvard University".
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