National ROTC Coverage: 2009
- 2009 Women In Military Service For America Memorial Foundation "Highlights in the History of Military Women". Note: The listing highlights the changes in laws and regulations to widen the involvement of women in the military, and lists the positions still closed to women.
- 9 January 2009 National Association of Scholars conference talk
Landscape of American Higher Education -- Panel on the Military and Academe
by Prof. Allan Silver. Note: Silver, a sociology
professor at Columbia, suggests that the Obama administration "should accord
priority explicitly to restoring ROTC to private institutions of higher
learning" and suggests changes for the new administration to make to
overcome this civilian-military divide.
- 14 January 2009 Y Files blog item "NAS
conference notes 3: The academy, the military, and gays" by Cathy Young.
Note: Young describes the "fascinating talk by Alan Silver" at
the National Association of Scholars conference, a question from the
audience about whether "the fact that the career military is now strongly
Southern and overwhelmingly politically conservative ... should create a
concern about "standing armies" as understood by the Founders". She
observed that "It seems to me that, in this sense, the absence of ROTC from
campus should be more of a concern to the liberals but to conservatives."
- 21 January 2009 Virginia Informer article "Virginia
legislature passes resolution encouraging William & Mary to increase ROTC
course credit". Note: "The Virginia House of
Delegates unanimously passed a resolution today encouraging the
Commonwealth's universities, including William and Mary, to fully support
ROTC programs and "provide the maximum recognition of ROTC courses for
credits toward graduation." The resolution takes aim at the controversy
which arose over William and Mary's treatment of its military science
program, criticized in recent years for not providing adequate course credit
in what many consider a rigorous academic curriculum... The issue first
arose in the spring of 2007 when the College's Student Assembly Senate
unanimously voted on a resolution which encouraged the administration to
provide full academic credit for ROTC cadets, who at the time received a
total of only six credit hours towards graduation for all eight semesters of
the military science program." William and Mary is a
- 3 February 2009 Harvard Crimson article "Faust
Addresses UC Meeting". Note: Harvard's President told
the Undergraduate Council that “To get official recognition, a group cannot
have any exclusionary rules ... I look forward to the day when
we can change our position on ROTC on campus”.
- 5 February 2009 Colgate Maroon-News article "Colgate
ROTC Re-emerges". Note: In the past Colgate students
needed to commute to Syracuse University for Army ROTC. Now, some
activities are on campus, and ""If we do everything perfectly and the school
is happy to have us here, [cadet] Alan [He] will be the start of Colgate's
own program, and [cadet Stephen] Kendrex will only have to go to Syracuse a
few times," [Army First Sergeant Ken] Alcorn said. "The goal is to stop the
commuting. The goal with me coming here is to make it easier for them. The
program is for the cadets. We're trying to bring ROTC to the students.""
- 9 February 2009 New York Times op-ed "Send
R.O.T.C. Back to School" by Kenneth Harbaugh. Note: A
former Navy pilot who recently taught a course at Yale on the obligations of
citizenship calls for President Obama to follow through on his calls for
ROTC at elite colleges by encouraging colleges such as Yale to restore ROTC
and train leaders in the military as well as other areas. See
on 15 February.
- 12 February 2009 Brown Daily Herald editorial "U.
should reinstate ROTC". Note: The student newspaper
of Brown University endorses President Obama's call for colleges to welcome
ROTC. Reversing their
previous insistence on waiting for reform of the
"don't ask, don't tell" law, the editors write that "Military recruiting on
Brown's overwhelmingly liberal campus could provide gay soldiers with
valuable allies in the ranks." See
letter in response on 18 February.
- 15 February 2009 New York Times letters "More
Open Minds and the Military". Note: The letters about
op-ed articles about
and gays in
the military focused on support or opposition to ROTC or support for
repealing the "Don't ask, don't tell law". No letters were printed
about approaches to DADT short of full repeal, for example by balancing desires for equality and
concerns about sexual privacy. No letters were printed about changes
to ROTC that would make it fit in better with elite universities.
- 16 February 2009 Daily Pennsylvanian article "LGBT
group protests military policy: Group says military recruitment on campus
and U. subsidies to ROTC violate non-discrimination policy".
Note: The protesters exercised their right to protest the military
activities on campus, which were upheld by a unanimous Supreme Court
on 6 March 2006.
- 17 February 2009 Harvard Crimson article "Petraeus
To Address ROTC Commissioning Ceremonies at Harvard, MIT: Former top U.S. general in Iraq will speak to cadets in early June". Note: The article asserts that "The Harvard commissioning ceremony, set for June 3, has generally not drawn significant interest in years past". This is a fair description of the size of the local audience, but the event is much
noticed nationally, as indicated by coverage in the New York Times (here)
and Wall Street Journal (here,
- 17 February 2009 Princetonian column "Breaking
the silence: Princeton's ROTC" by Michael Collins '11. Note:
Collins argues that ROTC students should voice opinions on political
questions that affect ROTC such as the "Don't ask, don't tell" law. He
writes "I would prefer they support the military we want — and not the one
- 18 February 2009 Brown Daily Herald letter "No
ROTC with 'don't ask, don't tell' policy" by Chris Gang '09.5.
Note: A former Herald executive editor responds to the 12 February
editorial that reversed a previous position of the Brown newspaper.
Gang argues that "until all students - lesbian, gay, straight, bisexual or
any other identity - have equal access to ROTC, we can't allow the
organization on campus, just as we wouldn't allow a whites-only organization
to operate here (even if Brown's involvement might make it more
- 25 February 2009 Boston Globe column "Free
speech at Harvard" by Scot Lehigh. Note:
Harvey Silverglate HLS '67 and
'62 are running as petition candidates for Harvard's Board of Overseers.
"Both men think Harvard should allow the Reserve Officers Training Corps
back on campus on the grounds of student choice."
- 11 March 2009 New York Times letter "Places
of the Dead " by David Hayden. Note: Discussing the
hometowns of soldiers in the military, Hayden observes "In the future, we
should ensure that the children of those who dream up our wars — usually
from wealthy, urban backgrounds — are also compelled to serve and risk their
- Winter "2008" (actually March 2009) The Current article "Gunning
for Citizenship" by Learned Foote. Note: One of the
leaders of the gay rights movement at Columbia gives examples of how
Japanese Americans and African–Americans, in the words of W.E.B. Du Bois, decided to "forget our special grievances and
close our ranks" in time of war. Foote urges gays to do the same and be supportive of ROTC, despite the view of ROTC opponents that "No one has to JOIN a discriminatory organization to fight discrimination". Foote also noted that "An estimated 65,000 gays and lesbians currently serve in the armed forces. By excluding the military at Columbia and other elite universities, we exclude them as well. This fact became cruelly apparent during a campus panel on ROTC, as two gay students opposed to ROTC argued against the pleas of two gay veterans."
- 26 March 2009 Columbia Spectator magazine "the eye" article "Corps
Curriculum: from the battlefield to the classroom" by John McClelland.
Note: An ROTC student and former special operations combat medic
writes about the transition from the military to Columbia, and how he told
his commander that to him the army was "applied philosophy".
- 3 - 4 April 2009 conference "Ivies
and the Military: Toward Reconciliation". Note: The
conference was organized by Lukas Filler and Raz Mason, students at Harvard
Divinity School. Videos of many presentations are
- 7 April 2009 Huffington Post column "Ivies
and the Military -- Toward Reconciliation (Harvard Administration Blows an
Opportunity)" by Frank Schaeffer. Note: Schaeffer
reports on the "Ivies and the Military --
Toward Reconciliation" conference at Harvard Divinity School and
observes: "The consensus of our diverse panel was that neither the military
nor the Ivies have the luxury of continuing to ignore - let alone disdain --
each other. Our military desperately needs highly educated leaders in this
complex interconnected world, and our top schools desperately need an
infusion of selfless values.... The lesson the Ivy League teaches has
become: I am the most important person in any room. The lesson the United
States military teaches is: the person standing next to me is more important
than I am."
- 8 April 2009 Wall Street Journal op-ed "Harvard
and the Marines: Why not give our officers the best education?" by
Joseph Kristol and Daniel West. Note: Two graduating
Harvard students note that "Harvard today happily pays for future bankers to
take accounting courses at MIT, but refuses to pay for aspiring military
officers who take ROTC courses." They call upon Harvard's President
Drew Faust to welcome ROTC back to Harvard "Perhaps she will be inspired to
show this leadership as she joins Gen. David Petraeus in recognizing the
ROTC graduates at our commissioning ceremony in June." See
on 14 April.
- 9 April 2009 Boston Globe op-ed "Ivies and military could learn a lot
from each other" by Frank Schaeffer. Note: Schaeffer
reports on the "Ivies and the Military --
Toward Reconciliation" conference at Harvard Divinity School and
observes that "the military needs highly educated leaders in this complex
interconnected world. And the top schools need an infusion of selfless
morality". See 14 April
- 9 April 2009 Boston Herald column "Harvard
won’t surrender its hypocrisy" by Michael Graham. Note:
Graham contrasts Harvard's hosting of foreign leaders involved in terrorism
to its unwillingness to pay overhead costs for ROTC courses that Harvard
students take at MIT.
- 12 April 2009 New York Post article "War
vets ready for enroll call: Surge in GI bill boosts City Colleges".
Note: Under the new GI bill " Columbia University predicts "the
biggest presence of vets on campus since Vietnam and in some respects since
World War II," according to Curtis Rodgers, dean of the School of General
Studies... "We had 19 veterans start in the fall class last year," said
Rodgers. "I could see 40 or 50 more next year.""
- 12 April 2009 MetroWest Daily News column "Harvard's
ROTC pioneer" by Brian W. O'Connor '78. Note:
O'Connor describes how Charles V. DePriest '77 became the first Harvard
student to do ROTC after the program was terminated in 1969. However,
as Steven Peck '79 related to Advocates for ROTC, DePriest's
actions were only the first step towards allowing Harvard students to do
ROTC. "DePriest was allowed to enroll secretly", relates Peck. "While he
was enrolled I was told cross registration couldn't be allowed" but after
Peck "found out half way through the year they let him in" and protested,
Peck became the second person to enroll in ROTC, and through these efforts,
cross-registering in ROTC at MIT became open to all Harvard students.
- 14 April 2009 Wall Street Journal letters "Harvard's
Anti-ROTC Policy Punishes the Wrong Group". Note:
Responding to the 8 April
by Joseph Kristol and Daniel West, the letters call on Harvard not to punish
the military for the "Don't ask, don't tell" law.
- 14 April 2009 Boston Globe letter "Perhaps
another barrier to campus entry" by Janna Jackson. Note:
Responding to Frank Schaeffer's 9 April
op-ed, Jackson protests the lack of mention of the "Don' ask, don't
tell" law (though Schaffer mentions that in the
longer version of his exposition on the Huffington Post).
- 14 April 2009 Boston Globe letter "Low
blow, and misfire, directed at elite institutions" by Scott Lajoie.
Note: Responding to Frank Schaeffer's 9 April
op-ed, Lajoie notes that other Ivies such as
Cornell have ROTC (though Schaffer mentions the low overall
participation of Ivies in the
longer version of his exposition on the Huffington Post).
- 17 April 2009 Foreign Policy blog post "From
Ivy League to olive drab" by Thomas E. Ricks. Note:
Ricks writes about the phenomenon of recent graduates of elite colleges
going into the military. He suggests that "they are deciding that al
Qaeda's attack and its consequences are becoming the defining event of their
lifetimes, and they want to be part of that".
- 19 April 2009 Washington Post op-ed "Why
We Should Get Rid of West Point" by Thomas E. Ricks. Note:
Ricks argues that service academy officers are twice as expensive and no
better than ROTC graduates, and that it good for civilians and future
officers to interact.
- 20 April 2009 Washington Times article "Reconciling
the Ivies and the military: Conferees aim to find common ground".
Note: The article describes the "Ivies and the Military --
Toward Reconciliation" conference at Harvard Divinity School and quotes
Harvard professor Diane Moore as calling for universities and the military
to get to know each other better, saying "My own education, partially here at
Harvard, in the entitlement of an Ivy League institution, gave me an
arrogance that I wish had been more challenged while I was here".
- 21 April 2009 Washington Times editorial "The
long crimson line". Note: The Times salutes the
upcoming appearance of General David Petraeus at Harvard's ROTC
commissioning ceremony and notes the irony that otherwise at Harvard "ROTC
students have been relegated to second-class status, banished from the
campus in the name of diversity."
- 21 April 2009 Boston Globe op-ed "Leadership,
Petraeus style" by Paula D. Broadwell. Note: "In
paying tribute to Harvard veterans at a Kennedy School Forum tonight,
General David H. Petraeus will underline the importance of adaptive leaders
in today's complex national security environment." He promotes a style
reminiscent of academics, "a "flatter" hierarchical structure that empowers
subordinate leaders to think outside the box, take initiative, challenge
assumptions, and even question authority".
- 21 April 2009
Appearance by General David Petraeus at Harvard's Kennedy School Forum.
Note: He illustrated his model of heirarchy by citing
a sign he saw at an outpost, reading “In the absence of guidance or orders,
figure out what they should have been and execute aggressively!”. He also made it clear that "you have to be careful . . . it is great to flatten [the organization] for information, but there does need to be a hierarchy when it comes to people pushing recommendations up, pushing policy decisions up . . . you can't shove aside a subordinate organization and just take it over."
- 21 April 2009 Remarks by Maura
Sullivan HBS '09 when introducing General David Petraeus at Harvard's
- 21 April 2009 Wicked Local Cambridge article "Praise
and protest for Petraeus in Cambridge". Note: "Since
1900, 1,200 Harvard graduates have died in military conflicts, said Harvard
student and Iraq War veteran Maura Sullivan. Former service members make up
9 percent of the Kennedy School and 5 percent of the business school, she
said. To applause, Sullivan suggested Harvard reinstate its ROTC
program after the school cut all ties during the Vietnam War."
- 22 April 2009 Harvard Crimson article "Petraeus
Honors Young Veterans". Note: General David Petraeus spoke
at a Harvard Kennedy School forum, to an audience at Harvard's Center for
Public Leadership, and at a dinner honoring student veterans attending
Harvard's Business School, Law School and Kennedy School. At the first two events there was a Harvard ROTC color
- 22 April 2009 Christian Science Monitor article "Petraeus:
What I learned in Iraq, and how it applies to Afghanistan: The US general
credited with turning around a bleak war effort spoke yesterday to Harvard
students, who forgave the one ‘blemish’ on his record: a PhD from Princeton."
Note: The article has a detailed account of General Petraeus'
speech at Harvard, and several helpful links, including to Petraeus' PhD
thesis. As of the day of the article, one link, to a graph of the
casualties in Iraq, is an earlier version of the one shown in the talk.
- 22 April 2009 Survey on ROTC by the
Harvard Republican Club. Note: This contains the text
of the questions of the survey sent by email to all Harvard undergraduates on 22
to 23 April.
- 23 April 2009 Harvard Crimson article "Students
Push for ROTC Recognition". Note: The students were
asking for Harvard to be more supportive of ROTC, including reforming the
current system under which the cross-registration fees for courses at MIT
are paid by the autonomous alumni-funded "Friends of Harvard ROTC Trust", an
arrangement that former-president Lawrence Summers
"uncomfortable" and "unorthodox".
- 24 April 2009 Harvard Crimson article "Panel
Discusses ROTC Challenges". Note: "The students also cited
several other concerns about Harvard’s refusal to recognize ROTC, including
the fact that Harvard revokes the financial aid offers for students who
accept ROTC scholarships. Panelist Christi E. Morrissey ’10 said that this
policy has forced some students to leave ROTC due to financial
letter on 7
- 27 April 2009 Harvard Crimson editorial "Support
Service: The University can take steps to better support ROTC participation".
Note: Harvard's student newspaper recommends that "the University
should make it easier for ROTC students to cross-register at MIT by covering
cross-registration fees and allowing military-science courses to appear on
transcripts. Harvard should also improve financial-aid policy so that ROTC
grants do not preclude students from receiving Harvard funds."
- 29 April 2009 Harvard Kennedy School Citizen article "Reinstating
the ROTC at Harvard". Note: Kennedy School Student
Government President Ben Polk said "I firmly believe that Harvard should
reinstate ROTC. There is no more honorable form of public service than the
military, and the students that are brave enough to put their lives on the
line deserve Harvard’s unequivocal support."
- 30 April 2009 New York Times article "In
Military, New Debate Over Policy Toward Gays". Note:
The article notes the support for DADT reform among some retired military
leaders but the opposition among others: "1,000 retired officers supported
by the conservative Center for Military Readiness sent an “open letter” to
Mr. Obama saying they were “greatly concerned” about the impact of repeal on
recruitment, morale and unit cohesion. “How would women in the
military feel if they were required to accommodate men in their private
quarters?” said Elaine Donnelly, the center’s president."
- May 2009 Proceedings of the U.S. Naval Institute article "Put
ROTC Back in the Ivy League" by Kenneth Harbaugh. Note:
Harbaugh, a former Navy pilot who taught as a Guest Fellow at Yale and as an
ROTC instructor at The Citadel, relates that "one high-ranking NETC official
asked me, “Is a Yale-educated officer really worth five from Auburn?” The
short answer is “Yes.” That answer, however, has almost nothing to do with
quality of education, and everything to do with our military’s relationship
to its civilian masters." He advises that "Naval Education and
Training Command should take the lead in reaching out to these schools. The
students themselves are ready. As a former ROTC instructor, I taught my
midshipmen about anticipating change by leading through it. On this issue,
the Navy can either wait or it can lead."
- 3 May 2009 Boston Globe article "Faust
wrote to authorities". Note: Harvard President Drew
Faust "sent a sharply worded letter last month to Secretary of Defense
Robert Gates criticizing the military's "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" policy and
protesting the discharge of Army Captain Anthony Woods, a 2008 Harvard
Kennedy School graduate and a gay Iraq War veteran." He was
"discharged in December after coming out to his commanding officers. He is
now running for Congress".
- 6 May 2009 Columbia Law School "Don't
Ask, Don't Tell: Law Analyzed at Panel Co-Hosted by Columbia Organizations".
Note: "The event was co-sponsored by the Solomon Amelioration
Committee, Columbia Outlaws, and the Law School’s Military Association...
to balance the fact that the military recruits at the Law School, despite
the discriminatory policy toward gays and lesbians."
- 7 May 2009 Politics Daily article "Is
Harvard Smart Enough to Listen to its Students?" Note:
The article ponders the implications of an
email survey sent by the
Harvard Republican Club to all undergraduates in which "62 percent said they believed Harvard
should "officially recognize" ROTC on their campus".
- 7 May 2009 Harvard Crimson letter "The
Money Surrounding ROTC" by Sally Donahue. Note:
Responding to a 24 April news
director of financial aid at Harvard College explains that Harvard's denial
of financial aid to many students receiving ROTC scholarships is application
of a policy that extends to "all other sources of outside awards".
- 8 May 2009 Harvard Crimson article "Poll
Results Favor ROTC Recognition". Note: The
survey sent by the Harvard Republican Club to all undergraduates found that 62% of
respondents favored Harvard recognition of ROTC. This result "could help facilitate
transfer of course credit for ROTC classes taken at MIT, allow financial
support from Harvard for cross-registration, and mean the removal of
language in the student handbook that says military and ROTC policies
excluding openly gay people are “inconsistent with Harvard’s values.”"
In contrast to a 2008 survey at Columbia, where the
outcome was split, the Harvard survey did not focus on establishing an
ROTC program on campus.
- 11 May 2009 Arizona State University News "President
Obama to commission ROTC cadets at ASU commencement". Note:
The commissioning of ROTC graduates from five Arizona universities will be
during the May 13 Arizona State University commencement ceremonies.
- 13 May 2009 Princeton Alumni Weekly article "ROTC seeks course credit: New commander challenges University’s stance". Note: Princeton ROTC commander LTC John Stark and Princeton vice president Robert Durkee '69 disagree over whether the language in the 1972 Army-Princeton agreement on ROTC sets forth the possibility for any university credit for any ROTC-taught courses. The agreement states "academic credit applicable toward graduation will be given for successful completion of those academic courses taught by the institution [i.e., Princeton] which are part of the Army ROTC curriculum; and that academic credit for military professional subjects will be judged by the institution under the same procedure and criteria as for other institutional courses."
- 13 May 2009 Harvard Crimson editorial "An
Unfounded Claim: Harvard Republican Club’s poll revealed interest, but
little more". Note: Discussing the
email survey on ROTC by the Harvard
Republican Club, the Crimson opines "A substantial self-selection bias and a
low response rate show that this poll can tell us very little about opinions
towards ROTC on campus".
- 14 May 2009 Arizona Republic article "Obama
challenges ASU grads in Wed. commencement speech". Note:
"Obama shook hands with ASU's more than 250 doctoral candidates and
commissioned 24 Air Force and 20 Army cadets from five schools."
- 14 May 2009 KJZZ radio segment "AZ
ROTC Cadets Commissioned". Note: Graduating ROTC
students were interviewed before they were commissioned by President Obama
on May 13 during commencement ceremonies.
- 15 May 2009 Chronicle of higher Education article "ROTC
and the Future of Liberal Education" and sidebar "Repairing
the Breach Between Academe and the Military" by Donald A. Downs.
Note: Downs, a professor of political science, law, and
journalism at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, argues that knowledge
of the military is crucial in the education of nonmilitary students and the
subsequent ability of these students to make decisions relating to the
- 15 May 2009 Daily Princetonian article "ROTC
may seek credit for courses". Note: ROTC commander
Lt. Col. John Stark, who has a PhD and is a lecturer in the
history department, is planning to seek accreditation for ROTC senior-level
military science courses. Princeton Vice President and Secretary
Robert Durkee ’69 said there was an "unspoken agreement" and "clear
understanding by both parties at the signing of the [University’s agreement
with the program] that ROTC courses would not receive academic credit”.
The article did not quote from the University’s agreement with the Army, but
VP Durkee provided the relevant text
and his comments to Advocates for ROTC.
The Princetonian article also refers to Princeton and Cornell being the only Ivy League
colleges with official on-campus Army ROTC. In addition, Penn has
on-campus Navy ROTC and Dartmouth has Army ROTC on campus, officially
through "an extension school for Norwich University", but the Professors of
Military Science have Dartmouth faculty appointments.
- 15 May 2009 Statement from
Princeton VP Robert K. Durkee on Course Credit for ROTC.
- 19 May 2009 CNN item "Banned
from Harvard". Note: "Joe Kristol, a graduating senior and
marine cadet, says it’s time for Harvard to change. “I think that what
we’re looking for is the college to separate the issues and be able to
recognize and support ROTC on the one hand; on the other hand do whatever
they want to protest policies they may not agree with, but not to punish the
students and use them as their tool to make that political statement.”"
- 20 May 2009 Harvard Crimson op-ed "Morality
and Conditional Support" by Jenny Zhang. Note: Zhang
argues that the Harvard Republican Club
survey on ROTC should have included an additional option “Yes, I support
official recognition, but only after the repeal of Don’t Ask Don’t Tell.”
- 23 May 2009 CNN video "Harvard
University Still Bans 'ROTC' Now For New Reason". Note:
CNN interviews ROTC students Joe Kristol '09, Christi Morrissey and Shawna
- 31 May 2009 The Daily Princetonian article "Petraeus
GS ’85 delivers Class of 2009 Baccalaureate address". Note:
"ROTC commander Lt. Col. John Stark said Petraeus “offers a unique
perspective as both an intellectual and a soldier.” He added, “For the army
to have people from Princeton is a very good thing.”"
- 1 June 2009 Harvard Crimson column "Taking The Long Way: After years of
discord, will Harvard and the military finally make peace?" by Paras D.
Bhayani. Note: A Crimson staff writer observes that
"Sometime in the recent past—and perhaps as a result of the Sept. 11
attacks—prevailing non-faculty sentiment at Harvard seems to have shifted
strongly in favor of the military."
- 2 June 2009 Wall Street Journal column "How
Hillsdale Beats Harvard: The Ivy school sells out its 'principles.'" by
William McGurn. Note: McGurn contrasts Harvard, which
excludes ROTC because of the "Don't ask, don't tell" law but permits
military recruiting because of the money involved, with Hillsdale College,
which gave up federal money rather than be forced to count its students by
race and sex. See
on 20 June.
- 2 June 2009 Harvard Crimson article "Harvard
Sets Tone for Future of ROTC: Ban on ROTC continued despite efforts to
establish unofficial campus presence". Note:
Following the de-certification of ROTC at Harvard in the late 1960s and the
opening up of a cross-town opportunity at MIT in the 1970s, Andrew C.
Deardorff ’84 "formed the student club “Friends of ROTC” in 1983. According
to Deardorff, the club may have been the first ROTC support group on campus
since Harvard broke ties with the armed forces.... opposition groups sprang
up in response to the newly approved Friends of ROTC club. The student
groups Enemies of ROTC and Opponents of ROTC were approved by the Committee
on College Life within two weeks of the approval of the Friends of ROTC.
“We were trying to support Harvard’s policy of not having recruiters on
campus,” said Jonathan E. Caws-Elwitt ’84, then vice president of the
Enemies of ROTC. “We wanted to represent the other perspective that we are
against the ROTC presence, and we came up with this stupid name, and I
regret the choice of words.”" ROTC commissioning in 1984 was very informal;
three graduating Army ROTC students "gathered in front of the John Harvard
statue in Harvard Yard wearing gray Army uniforms and were commissioned in a
small informal ceremony in the presence of two of the MIT program’s
officers. [Robert Carey ’84] said he remembers standing in front of the John
Harvard statue while Major General Joe [Ambrose] pinned stripes on the young
graduates’ uniforms a few hours after an official ceremony had been held at
MIT. No Harvard faculty or administrators were present and attendees
included only friends and family."
- 3 June 2009 Harvard ROTC
Commissioning Ceremony 2009
- 3 June 2009 Remarks at Harvard
ROTC Commissioning by GEN David H. Petraeus.
- 3 June 2009 Harvard University Gazette article "Harvard
To Participate in Yellow Ribbon Veterans Education Program".
Note: At the Harvard ROTC Commissioning ceremony, President Drew
Faust announced that Harvard will provide "substantial assistance" under the
Yellow Ribbon Program. It is not clear whether this matches the
full ride being provided under this program by Columbia.
- 3 June 2009 Harvard Law School statement "Harvard
Law School will provide tuition for up to twelve veterans next year under
federal Yellow Ribbon Program". Note: Harvard Law
School will provide up to 12 veterans full tuition and fees under the
federal government’s new
Yellow Ribbon Program. "Harvard College and the University’s other
graduate and professional schools have also agreed to participate in the
program, but the Law School’s contribution per student will be the largest."
- 3 June 2009
Harvard President Drew Faust's remarks at the Harvard ROTC Commissioning
- 3 June 2009 Harvard Crimson article "Petraeus
Speaks to ROTC Grads". Note: The article discusses Gen. Petraeus'
speech and notes of a
speech by Harvard's president "Unlike last year, when Faust criticized the military’s policy of “don’t ask, don’t tell”—which bars openly gay people from service and has been cited in recent years as the reason ROTC remains off campus—Faust did not comment on the controversial policy yesterday."
- 3 June 2009 Harvard University Gazette article "At
ROTC commissioning, Faust touts idea of ‘soldier-scholar’: Gen. Petraeus
offers advice: ‘Stay humble’". Note: The Gazette
estimated the crowd as "about 4,000", though the Boston Herald's
estimate was "about 500".
- 3 June 2009 Harvard Magazine article "Leadership
Tips from a "Soldier Scholar"". Note:
"as the audience waited for the ceremony to begin, the
Advocates for Harvard ROTC distributed a
newsletter reaffirming their goals: formal recognition of ROTC by the
Harvard Corporation; a tri-service ROTC office annex on campus; and
increased participation of Harvard undergraduates in ROTC."
- 3 June 2009 Video:
General Petraeus at
- 3 June 2009 Video
2009 ROTC Commissioning Ceremony - President Drew Faust.
- 3 June 2009 Remarks at Harvard ROTC
Commissioning by Darnell Whitt '59.
- 4 June 2009 Boston Herald article "Gen.
David H. Petraeus encourages Harvard ROTC grads". Note:
The article describes Gen. Petraeus'
speech and relates that "retired Navy Capt. Darnell N. Whitt II, class
of 1959, in his introduction, called on Harvard President Drew Gilpin Faust
and Petraeus to work together to restore ROTC programs at Ivy League
universities such as Harvard, which halted ROTC in the 1960s."
The Herald estimated the crowd as "about 500", though the Harvard University
estimate was "about 4,000".
- 4 June 2009 Forward Movement blog item "10-Minute
Leadership Course" by Jules Crittenden. Note: A
Boston Herald reporter and blogger describes Harvard ROTC Commissioning and
the high points of Gen. Petraeus' speech.
- 5 June 2009 Letter from Gen.
David H. Petraeus to the Columbia class of 1959. Note:
At the 50th reunion of the Columbia College class of 1959, a panel was held
to discuss the prospects of reconciling Columbia and the ROTC. General
Petraeus sent the class a note congratulating them on their efforts to raise
interest in the subject.
- 6 June 2009 Columbia Class of 1959 Reunion Panel on ROTC "Columbia and the ROTC: Prospects for Reconciliation". Note: Presentations by Norman Bernstein, Ted Graske, Frank Wilson and Ben Huberman outlined the case for ROTC and the prospects for an atmosphere at Columbia more supportive of ROTC.
- 20 June 2009 Wall Street Journal letter "This
Yellow Ribbon Is a Real Benefit" by Eric Powell. Note:
Responding to a 2 June
about ROTC and Harvard, Powell notes that elite universities that distance
themselves from ROTC have embraced the
Yellow Ribbon Program under which they provide financial support to
veterans that is matched by the Department of Veterans Affairs.
- 3 August 2009 New York Times article "With Enough Soldiers, the Army Is Looking for a Few Good Officers". Note: The Army is "swollen with young recruits but short on officers to lead them" and starting a marketing campaign featuring Gen. David Petraeus and "high-ranking corporate executives with experience as Army officers". One ad features a Duke Army ROTC graduate.
- 13 August 2009 Washington Times article "Harvard, ROTC face off: Poll finds students back end to '69 ban". Note: Joe Kristol '09 said "Harvard will pay for my non-ROTC roommate to take accounting, a course obviously intended for professional training, but not for me to take naval science, which I think is ... important for my professional training". The article also cites a poll result favoring ROTC; the poll was carried out by the Harvard Republican Club. The article also includes photos of Advocates for Harvard ROTC chairman Paul Mawn with Gen. David Petraeus (here) and with Medal of Honor Recipient Captain Thomas Hudner (here).
- 13 August 2009 Edge Boston article "Will Harvard Allow ROTC On Campus Despite DADT?". Note: The article discusses the controversy between including ROTC and gay rights at Harvard and concludes that "America’s steady, if somewhat slow, progress toward full equality for GLTB citizens might one day make the issue moot by erasing the essential conflict between the university’s inclusive policies and the military’s anti-gay ban", referring to the "Don't ask, don't tell" law.
- 23 August 2009 Boston Globe article "Coming home: Kit Parker, 43, a US Army major and Harvard biomedical engineering professor, returns to campus after finishing his second tour in Afghanistan." Note: Parker was asked how he feels about Harvard's ban on ROTC and replied "The dirty work of maintaining a democracy is every American’s business. By not having ROTC, we are not making a statement that we are willing to earn our First Amendment rights that we as academics vigorously consume."
- September 2009 Veterans of Foreign Wars Magazine article "Bring Back ROTC" by Ken Harbaugh. Note: "At Yale—a school that has educated more than its share of senators and presidents—almost none of my colleagues, classmates or students ever noticed the absence of uniforms on campus" and "Students who cite Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell as justification for their disapproval of ROTC are far more sympathetic upon realizing that such policies are imposed by Congress, and that the military has no choice but to enforce them." The article also includes a timeline of notable events in the history of ROTC.
- September/October 2009 Columbia College Today article "Meet the New Dean". Note: Incoming Columbia College dean Michele Moody-Adams, when listing her achievements as vice provost for undergraduate education at Cornell, cited helping ROTC students feel part of the community, and stressed the value of the ROTC students being "exposed to a diversity of opinions in the community".
- 3 September 2009 Daily News Record (Harrisonburg, Virginia) editorial "Bring Back ROTC: Elite Schools Need It". Note: Quoting Ken Harbaugh, executive director of "The Mission Continues", the editorial notes "the military itself bridles against returning to places such as Cambridge, New Haven, Palo Alto, and New York City’s Morningside Heights. One reason is a lingering bitterness over the program’s removal 40 years ago. Another is financial. Because the military picks up a lion’s share of tuition costs for prospective officers, its leaders are reluctant to shell out big bucks for, say, a Yale-educated officer when they can spend the same amount on five youngsters at, for instance, Auburn. Mr. Harbaugh considers this a mistake."
- 11 September 2009 Columbia Spectator article "Columbians celebrate new GI Bill". Note: The event marked Columbia's leadership in its strong participation in the Yellow Ribbon Program for paying tuition for veterans.
- 24 September 2009 Harvard Crimson article "ROTC Enrollment Up Nationwide: Harvard numbers stagnant despite national rise". Note: "In 2006, Harvard students made up 15 out of the 49 Army ROTC students participating in the MIT program...This year, Harvard students make up 15 out of 86." The article discusses longstanding issues between Harvard and ROTC, but doesn't explore issues such as financial aid policies that may account for the recent divergence between numbers for Harvard and other colleges.
- 27 September 2009 Boston Globe article "ROTC’s ranks surge with new recruits: Sense of mission, scholarships drive trend". Note: Army ROTC enrollment is up 26% from the recent low in 2005-6, during the Iraq war. There has been a 75% increase in the number of ROTC scholarships but Norwich University president Richard Schneider, a Vietnam veteran and retired rear admiral in the Coast Guard Reserve said "This isn’t driven by money. It’s driven by a deep commitment to the republic." At Norwich, the number of freshmen with Army ROTC scholarships jumped more than threefold this year, to 87 from 27. Norwich is unusual in that the university has a special fund to pay room and board for ROTC students, in addition to tuition and fees paid for by the military. Nationally, 51 percent of ROTC students now receive federal scholarships.
- 21 October 2009 Harvard Law School "News Spotlight" "Battle-tested soldiers bring records of service to Harvard Law School". Note: Due to Harvard Law School contributing the maximum amount under the Yellow Ribbon Program and the federal government matching Harvard's contribution, the veterans are getting all tuition and fees fully paid. One of the veterans is Elliott N. Neal '05, who did ROTC as a Harvard undergraduate. No similar "full ride" arrangement is available for pre-service ROTC students.
- 23 October 2009 Stanford Review article "Students Find Time for ROTC". Note: "Regarding the reinstatement of ROTC curriculum at Stanford, [Katie] McCaffree ['12] made the point that more Stanford students would likely give the program more thought if it was more convenient.
In response to inquiries as to why Stanford has not reinstated its ROTC program, Vice Provost for Student Affairs(VPSA) Greg Boardman merely stated, “The decision regarding ROTC took place 40 years ago.”
- 30 October 2009 Wesleyan Argus article "Campus Boasts First ROTC Trainees". Note: Lowell Wood ’12 observed “I was surprised at how cool everyone is about it and I shouldn’t have been… I decided to go to Wesleyan before I decided to do ROTC and one of the reasons I loved it so much was that people are so open-minded .... I meet people who are incredibly opposed to conflict and I do understand where they’re coming from…though I think they have not taken the time to consider how it could be a good thing ... But somebody has to do this and it doesn’t feel right for somebody to do it for me when they are fighting for the rights and freedoms that we all enjoy.”
- 31 October 2009 Harvard Republican Oasis blog item "FYI: ROTC, NYT, DADT, and HRC". Note: The Harvard Republican Club notes the mention of its email survey about ROTC in the 1 November New York Times article and says the survey "showed that if the issue were put to a vote — as it was at Columbia — ROTC would likely return to campus. The HRC looks forward to co-sponsoring a randomized, scientific poll this year with a partner organization. Any takers?"
- November 2009 Harvard Magazine article "Above and Beyond: The University's Medal of Honor recipients are memorialized". Note: The article describes the upcoming ceremony on 11 November at which the plaque honoring Harvard's Medal of Honor recipients will be unveiled, and notes that Harvard has more recipients than any other college other than West Point and Annapolis.
- 1 November 2009 New York Times article "The R.O.T.C. Dilemma". Note: Discussing Harvard's attitude towards the military and gays, President Drew Faust said “Trying to maintain two values — nondiscrimination and national service — is very complicated ... It has us all tied in knots. There are contradictions. We make these sometimes awkward arguments that are less than pure consistency. Why do we do x and not y? Why do we have the helicopters? Why do I appear at the commissioning? There are enormous complexities and contradictions. We wind up creating compromises that are not philosophically consistent. The way to resolve these inconsistencies is to permit gays and lesbians to serve in the military.” The article notes: "Harvard will not pay the $150,000-a-year cross-registration fee that M.I.T. charges to have Harvard students take military science courses there. But university staff members are used to raise that money from wealthy alumni sympathetic to R.O.T.C. And Harvard accepts about $1 million a year from the military in the form of scholarships that cover the cost of tuition for cadets and midshipmen." As a result of such "knots", the number of students in ROTC at elite colleges remains low. Taylor Giffen, a Yale Air Force ROTC cadet who graduated in June, said “They’d see me in uniform, and ask, ‘Hey, are you in a play?’ ”
- 3 November 2009 Wall Street Journal column "Harvard's Medals of Honor" by William McGurn. Note: Harvard alumni determined that the university has the highest number of Medal of Honor recipients outside the service academies. "For many members of the Harvard community, the medals of honor awarded 10 of our own probably seem as distant and foreign as reports of the Roman legions," says Mr. Mawn, who is the chairman of Advocates for Harvard ROTC, a co-sponsor of next Wednesday's event. "By honoring these people, we hope to bring their stories to life, to awaken awareness for the long Crimson line of service, and to inspire a new generation of Harvard students to answer the call." Within hours of publication of this column, the alumni heard of two other MOH recipients, including BG Charles Edward Phelps, in the Harvard Law School class of 1853. See 27 November letter.
- 4 November 2009 MIT Admissions ROTC Blog item "AFROTC = stress, and why that's okay". Note: A first year Air Force ROTC cadet describes routine ROTC activities and a Field Leadership Exercise.
- 4 November 2009 ACTA's Must-Reads item "Harvard and the military" by David Azerrad. Note: In the context of the 11 November ceremony at Harvard unveiling a plaque to Harvard's Medal of Honor recipients, David Azerrad notes that "continued refusal to permit students to perform military service on campus -- service that helps preserve the cherished freedoms that all members of the campus community enjoy -- seems neither fair nor wise."
- 6 November 2009 Brown Daily Herald article "Herald Poll: Students more satisfied with advising". Note: A poll on a variety of issues, in which 77% of respondents approved of the way President Obama is handling his job, revealed that 41% of respondents said they would approve of reinstating ROTC, compared to 25% who said they would disapprove of reinstating it.
- 8 November 2009 Boston Herald editorial "Harvard’s slow change". Note: The editorial discusses the 11 November ceremony honoring of Harvard's Medal of Honor recipients, and discusses Harvard's ambivalence about ROTC. "We agree that gay men and women should be allowed to serve. And more Harvard-trained officers might be able to provide a little extra push toward that end. Harvard’s governing boards have full authority to set policy on ROTC and they should reverse the prohibition."
- 10 November 2009 Boston Herald article "Harvard boasts lengthy Honor roll". Note: After publicity of Harvard having many Medal of Honor recipients, families and alumni brought to light 6 more recipients, for a total of 16, more than the known total for any school other than West Point and Annapolis.
- 10 November 2009 Jules Crittenden "Forward Movement" blog item "Harvard Yard". Note: Crittenden discusses the 11 November ceremony honoring Harvard's 16 Medal of Honor recipients and observes "It is Harvard’s loss, that by refusing to allow ROTC classes on campus for political reasons, the university cuts itself off from that arena of American public life."
- 11 November 2009 Brown Daily Herald letter "University should welcome ROTC" by Keith DellaGrotta ’10. Note: DellaGrotta notes the recent poll of Brown students supporting ROTC and recommends that the university "lure greater numbers of ROTC cadets to campus by awarding course credit for ROTC classes and offering a shuttle service to Providence College. Brown students have opined and the ball is in the University’s court to fix its dismal ROTC program."
- 11 November 2009 Harvard University and Harvard Veterans Alumni Organization program for A Service Commemorating Medal of Honor Recipients. Note: This is the program that was handed out at the event.
- 11 November 2009 Veterans Day remarks by Harvard President Drew Faust. Note: Honoring the 16 Medal of Honor recipients she said "We at Harvard are proud to have been a part of the lives of these remarkable Americans, proud to recognize and claim them as our own."
- 11 November 2009 Associated Press article "Harvard pays tribute to Medal of Honor winners". Note: Army Chief of Staff Gen. George W. Casey Jr., appearing at the event to honor Harvard's 16 Medal of Honor recipients, said "How lucky we are as a country to have those who not only believe in the values and ideals this country stands for, but are also willing to fight for them."
- 12 November 2009 Boston Globe article "Tributes and trepidation". Note: The article describes Harvard's Medal of Honor ceremony and includes photos of the plaque and color guard.
- 12 November 2009 Boston Herald article "Harvard’s Medal of Honor alumni feted at ceremony". Note: Harvard President Drew Faust said of the university’s role in producing national leaders, “We at Harvard are proud to recognize these heroes and proud to claim them as our own. . . . Let us work to ensure that the wisdom we imbue is not just wisdom of the mind, but wisdom of the heart, the courage that these men represent.”
- 12 November 2009 Harvard Crimson article "Military Alumni Paid Tribute At Ceremony: Medal of Honor recipients honored at Memorial Church". Note: Benjamin B. Wilcox ’13
said “most Harvard students aren’t aware of the commendable achievements and sacrifices past Harvard students have made for our country in the military... We should be proud of this—it is inspiring.”
Andrew P. Howe ’12 said that he was “honored to be part of a university that pays so much tribute to service.”
- 12 November 2009 Harvard Crimson article "At HBS, Veterans Day Means Thanking Classmates". Note: "In class discussions, [Christina D.] Hruska said, the military voices bring a unique perspective that students with different backgrounds appreciate. “Everybody stops. You could hear a pin drop,” Hruska said of when her fellow veterans speak. “Their experiences are in stark contrast to what everyone else has done.”"
- 12 November 2009 Harvard Gazette article "A bell tolls for bravery: Ceremony recognizes Harvard’s Medal of Honor heroes". Note: "Faust is the daughter of McGhee Tyson Gilpin, who as a World War II U.S. Army intelligence officer was wounded in 1944 and awarded the Silver Star for valor."
- 12 November 2009 Harvard Magazine article "A Veterans Day Salute". Note: The article add information on 6 more Medal of Honor recipients whose history came to light after identification of the first 10.
- 13 November 2009 Brown Daily Herald editorial "Return of the soldier". Note: Brown University's student newspaper cites the recent poll of Brown students supporting ROTC and says it is "unacceptably complacent" to wait for "Don't ask, don't tell" to be repealed before welcoming ROTC. It continued: "despite President Obama’s pledges, the policy is not necessarily nearing its end. In a poll of service members last year by the Military Times, 10 percent of respondents said they would decline to re-enlist if DADT were repealed, and 14 percent said they would consider doing so. Several factors suggest that these numbers overestimate the threat, but if even a small fraction followed through, the end of DADT would trigger a devastating recruiting crisis even as our military commitment to Afghanistan escalates. Brown alumni with military commissions could play a small but appreciable role in bolstering tolerance in the ranks and hastening the demise of DADT."
- 13 November 2009 AlterNet column "The Pentagon's Long-Term Plan to Get Back on Campus" by Michael Schwartz. Note: The writer, a professor of sociology at Stony Brook University, discusses a 1 November New York Times article about ROTC that Schwartz calls "chilling" because it gave voice to possible benefits of an ROTC presence at elite colleges. Schwartz writes that "The most profound distortion is that it fails to mention that the pressure for new ROTC chapters originates in the military itself". However, as university officials will attest, the main pressure comes from students and alumni who think their university should offer opportunities for military service, and from political leaders, notably in recent years Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama, while military leaders have generally refrained from getting involved in this controversial issue. Schwartz complains that the NYT article "failed to undertake even rudimentary investigative reporting, which would have revealed this larger context" of supposed pressure by the military and "made sure to interview military leaders, college administrators, faculty who support ROTC". In fact, a core element of the NYT article was an interview with Harvard's president explaining why she is opposed to welcoming ROTC. Schwartz also claims that the military wants ROTC programs so as to "gain routine access to rank-and file students, who can potentially be encouraged to enlist as non-officers, where the real shortage lies." However, recruitment programs for non-officers are run entirely separately from ROTC and such recruitment rarely, if ever, co-locates with ROTC programs.
- 14 November 2009 Weekly Standard article "Harvard's Warriors:
Honoring the Medal of Honor recipients". Note: Jules Crittenden attended the ceremony at Harvard honoring its Medal of Honor recipients and observed "It was like a fleeting glimpse of an alternative world: the greatness of the past and what might be in the future, brought together for a moment at Harvard University last week... Harvard president Drew Gilpin Faust, a military historian whose father was wounded in combat and decorated for bravery in World War II, stood to pronounce Harvard's own heroes "the finest exemplars of all Harvard students and graduates who have served their country since its earliest days." Despite Faust's praise, the military is not a field in which Harvard encourages its brightest minds to contribute and test themselves... Today, while most of America has embraced the volunteer military that has fought a long, hard war against a proven and persistent threat, Harvard continues to hold ROTC at arm's length."
- 19 November 2009 Huffington Post article "The Next US Invasion -- at a Campus Near You" by Michael Schwartz. Note: A sociologist argues that "the pressure for new ROTC chapters originates in the military itself, a part of their extremely expensive and not-very-successful campaign to overcome the chronic shortages of soldiers". However, the military is cutting back on many ROTC programs and avoiding many top colleges. He also argues that veterans are "required to play their appointed military role--this time as the proud veteran uplifted by her/his service experience and prepared by this service to accept the new challenges ahead" and that "ROTC makes campuses less friendly to veterans".
- 19 November 2009 The Dartmouth article "College one of few Ivies with ROTC". Note: "The College gives the ROTC program a $10,000 annual training budget and a place to meet, according to Maj. Lawrence Forsyth, assistant professor of military science for Army ROTC at Dartmouth. Dartmouth’s chapter is a satellite of the program at Norwich University, meaning the faculty who train students commute from Northfield, Vt.
Twelve students are currently enrolled in the ROTC program
... Military classes are given for academic credit at Cornell, [Lt. Col. Steven Alexander, professor of military science and leadership at Cornell] said.
At Princeton, however, administrators will not consider offering academic credit for ROTC participation because of the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy, according to Col. John Stark, professor of military science at the university.“As long as this policy is in place, they will not even discuss the possibility of accreditation,” Stark said. “Last year, I sought to achieve academic credit, but now I am going with the status quo until the national policy has been changed.”
Dartmouth does not offer academic credit for ROTC courses, Forsyth said."
- 19 November 2009 Armchair General article "Harvard Remembers Its Distinguished Military Veterans – Without a Fight!" by Caspar W. Weinberger, Jr. Note: Weinberger, son of the late secretary of defense, observes "the University is much more likely now to have a Nobel Peace Prize winner than a distinguished military award. Of course, students might take a cue from their own Teddy Roosevelt who did indeed win both."
- 22 November 2009 Rhodes Scholarship Winners' Biographies. Note: One of the winners was Roxanne Bras, an ROTC student who graduated from Harvard and was commissioned in June 2009. "She is currently a second lieutenant in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in
Germany, and is a graduate of the U.S. Army Airborne School and the U.S. Army Air Assault
School. Roxanne is a Truman Scholar and marathon runner, and General David Petraeus
has been her mentor since her early days in ROTC at M.I.T. At Oxford, she plans to do a
graduate degree in international relations and military policy."
- 27 November 2009 Wall Street Journal letter "Honoring 16 Brave Sons of Harvard" by Paul E. Mawn. Note: The chairman of Advocates for Harvard ROTC writes to describe how after a 3 November WSJ column about Harvard's Medal of Honor recipients, "we were contacted by the relatives of Harvard alumni who earned the Medal of Honor, which allowed me to validate a grand total of 16 Medal of Honor recipients from Harvard (an increase of six from what we knew the previous week)" in time for the ceremony on Veterans Day.
- 30 November 2009 Yale Daily News article "ROTC could return to Yale: Program could return if ‘don’t ask, don’t tell’ ends". Note: Yale University Secretary Linda Lorimer said “If the government changes its stance on the ability of young people or any people to serve their nation regardless of sexual orientation, then we will be eager to pursue opportunities of having an ROTC unit on campus... As soon as the federal government changes its posture, I have no doubt that the Yale administration will want to pursue the option for having a ROTC unit at Yale.” However, since only two Yale students brave the long commutes to other Connecticut ROTC programs, it is not clear if the military would offer an ROTC program. Currently, Yale "pays for the commissioning ceremony, the rental cars and even the parking fees at the University of Connecticut, where students participate in the Air Force ROTC program" and to get around a scheduling conflict "a major comes up to Yale every Friday and teaches the two in a classroom, which is permitted since ROTC is now a registered student organization". Among the colleges that disinvited ROTC during the 1960s, "Yale is unique in having a University employee serve as an advisor to ROTC students", though Harvard has a financial aid official, Jake Kaufmann '93, with specific responsibility for assisting ROTC students and veterans.
- December 2009 Marine corps Gazette article "Where Is Our Kilcullen? Professional relevance as a result of education" by LtCol Michael D. Grice. Note: Using the example of LTC David Kilcullen of the Australian Army, a major influence on the US strategy in Iraq, Grice argues that "Unconventional times and unconventional wars require unconventional thought, and the ability to think brilliantly and unconventionally is a product of education" and that the combination of such education with direct involvement in the military is the common background that results in success in such warfare.
- 1 December 2009 Not Your Average Brooklynette blog item "ROTC Ban on Ivy League Campuses, Part Two". Note: As an example of how committed the Air Force is to retaining Yale ROTC students "One of the Professors drives an hour and a half to teach a course to the two cadets because they cannot get to the University of Connecticut because of obligations at Yale." Also, after the New York Times story "The R.O.T.C. Dilemma" one of the Yale cadets "had countless e-mails and phone calls from others on his campus asking about the ROTC program and saying they had no idea something like this was even an option for them".
- 1 December 2009 Daily Princetonian article "Active in the nation's service". Note: Princeton graduates tell of building the foundations for their future success based on their ROTC and military experience. Maj. Mark Crow GS ’08, advised future leaders that “Familiarity with the military is a benefit” in any area of political leadership or public service, and Raj Shah ’00 said “The military needs Princetonians, and I think Princeton needs the military”.
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