Harvard ROTC Coverage: 2000 - 2004
- 12 January 2001 Harvard Crimson article "Students
Receive Navy Recruitment E-mail" Comment:
Harvard College allowed the Navy to send recruiting e-mail to undergraduates
in January 2001, in compliance with the regulations
implementing the Solomon
- 27 April 2001 MIT ROTC Pass in Review Speech by LTG Terry
- 12 September 2001 Harvard Crimson article "Terrorist
Acts Stun, Sadden Harvard Students". Note:
"Charlie Cromwell ’02, an Army ROTC member, failed to get through to
military personnel in Washington. I worked in that wing of the Pentagon this
summer, and I haven’t been able to get through to my coworkers,”
Cromwell said. “I have no idea if they’re okay.”"
- 4 October 2001 Wall Street Journal article "Bring Back ROTC? No, Not at Harvard, Despite New Support"
- 5 October 2001 Harvard Crimson article "ROTC
Debate Sparks Controversy in Council".
- 9 October 2001 Harvard Crimson article "Summers Expresses Pride in ROTC".
Note: President Summers referred to military service as “noble” and
said “We need to be careful about adopting any policy on campus of
non-support for those involved in defending the country ... Every Harvard
student should be proud that we have in our midst students who make the
commitment to ROTC.”
- 10 October 2001 Fox News report "Harvard Alumni Urge Return of Banished ROTC Program"
- 10 October 2001 Harvard Gay and Lesbian Caucus Press Release "Harvard
Gay and Lesbian Alumni Respond to ROTC"
- 11 October 2001 Associated Press report "Harvard alumni urge return of banned ROTC"
- 11 October 2001 Harvard Salient column "ROTC
and Relativism" by Claire McCusker.
- 12 October 2001 Orlando Sentinel column "Harvard
vs. Texas A&M: Which shares your values?" by Peter A. Brown NF
- 14 October 2001 PolkOnline editorial "Harvard
should let ROTC on campus"
- 14 October 2001 St. Petersburg Times column "Let the ROTC return to Ivy League campuses"
by Philip Gailey
- 15 October 2001 Harvard Crimson column "Bring
Back ROTC Now" by John F. Bash ’03
- 17 October 2001 Washington Times article "Harvard
Alumni Want ROTC Back"
18 October 2001 Bay Windows
grows at Harvard to reinstate on-campus ROTC". Note:
The article quotes later-to-be Council of Economic Advisers Chairman Gregory
Mankiw who said he has "always been saddened by the university's policy
toward ROTC. To protest the military's policy toward homosexuals, the
faculty and administration (who are mostly liberal and upper-income) place a
burden on students interested in ROTC training (who, I suspect, are mostly
conservative and from working-class families). This policy acts like a tax
on diversity among the student body, if diversity is judged by viewpoint and
life experience, and thus works against one of the school's stated goals."
- 19 October 2001 Harvard Crimson column "Banned
Without a Cause?" by Jason L. Steorts '03
- 19 October 2001 Yale Herald article "At
Harvard, a struggle to bring back ROTC".
- 23 October 2001 Daily Princetonian article "New
wave of support spurs debate of Harvard ROTC"
- 29 October 2001 Weekly Standard column "Harvard
Hates ROTC" by Erin Sheley '02
- 29 October 2001 US News column "Uncle
Sam needs you" by John Leo
- 31 October 2001 National Review column "Crimson
Shame: Harvard's ROTC problem" by Stanley Kurtz PhD '90
- November 2001 Perspective Editorial "ROTC
has no place at Harvard". Note: Perspective identifies
itself as "Harvard-Radcliffe's Liberal Monthly. We are the only
politically progressive, general-issues magazine on campus."
- 2 November 2001 Wall Street Journal publication of the 26
October 2001 speech
on public service by President Summers at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government.
Note: President Summers said "It was a very significant thing
for our country when the tragic events of the Vietnam War period led to
disaffection, which in many ways lives with us today, toward people who wear
uniforms ... It is all too common for us to underestimate the importance of
clearly expressing our respect and support for the military and individuals
who choose to serve in the armed forces of the United States ... I hope that
when you have this award next year, among those who will be recognized will
be those who have served our country in uniform. Because I think we need to
remember that of all the kinds of public service, there is a special
nobility, a special grace to those who are prepared to sacrifice their lives
for our country."
- 2 November 2001 Wall Street Journal editorial "'A Special Grace':
Larry Summers brings courage to Harvard". Comment:
This editorial praises President Summers' Kennedy School speech and
advocates ROTC at
- 4 November 2001 Boston Globe column "Maddening
deeds at US universities" by William J. Bennett JD '71
- 11 November 2001 President Summers Sends Letter of Support to Harvard ROTC Cadets
- 11 November 2001 ROTC cadets form honor guard at Harvard's Veterans Day
- 15 November 2001 New York Times obituary "Nathan
Pusey, Harvard President Through Growth and Turmoil Alike, Dies at 94".
Note: After demonstrators in 1969 demanded that Harvard ban
ROTC entirely and took over University Hall, and were removed by police,
"Hugh Calkins, a member of the Harvard Corporation, said it was the
essence of a university to try to resolve disagreements by rational
persuasion rather than the exercise of power. A member of Students for a
Democratic Society retorted: ''Nonsense. Persuasion doesn't mean any more in
a university than it does outside. All that counts is power. You have it
now, and we intend to get it.''"
- 16 November 2001 Harvard Crimson news article "Summers
Speaks Out on Patriotism"
- 16 November 2001 Wall Street Journal Opinion Journal column "A
Harvard Hero" by Seth Lipsky '68
- 19 November 2001 Harvard Crimson column "Pointing
Us Nowhere" by Ross Douthat '02
- 19 November 2001 Marketplace radio commentary "Best
and Brightest" by Daniel Sullivan '87
- 20 November 2001 Wall Street Journal column "Best
of the Web Today". Comment: This makes the point
that it makes sense to support the return of ROTC to Harvard even if one
opposes the "don't ask, don't tell" policy.
- 21 November 2001 Harvard Crimson news article "ROTC
Group Raises Its Voice". Comment: The ROTC
Association is an undergraduate organization that aims to increase awareness
on campus of the military. The group is now
called the National Defense Forum.
- 25 November 2001 Boston Globe article "Harvard
head urges a deeper patriotism"
- 27 November 2001 President Summers and Leaders of "Advocates for Harvard ROTC" in Harvard Yard
- 29 November 2001 Harvard Crimson editorial "Respect
Students Who Serve"
- 2 December 2001 Boston Herald editorial "Patriotism on campus"
- 3 December 2001 CNN report "Harvard
- 6 December 2001 Harvard Independent column "More
than money" by Michael Zachilli '03
- 6 December 2001 Harvard Independent column "Bring
it back!" by Travis Batty '02
- 6 December 2001 Harvard Independent article "The
crimson corps" by Brandon Fail '03
- 6 December 2001 Boston Herald article "War drives push to lift ban on ROTC at Harvard"
- 7 December 2001 Syndicated columnist Patrick Healy "Harvard chief wants academe to reflect mainstream U.S. values"
- 13 December 2001 Harvard Yearbook Recognizes ROTC
- 18 December 2001 Advocates for Harvard ROTC News Tidbits
- 18 December 2001 Letter by Caspar W. Weinberger
- 18 December 2001 Advocates for Harvard ROTC does not solicit or accept money
- January/February 2002 Harvard Magazine "Undergraduate Update"
(near bottom of article)
- 4 January 2002 Notable New Members of Advocates for Harvard ROTC
- 16 January 2002 Associated Press report "Harvard University president has faced several challenges during first year".
Comment: The article cites President Summers' expressions of support for ROTC as one
of the highlights of his first 6 months in office.
- 18 January 2002 Harvard Crimson article "ROTC Funding Raises Concern".
Comment: President Summers raises the possibility that switching to
official Harvard funding of ROTC might make sense in terms of eliminating
unorthodox accounting. President Summers has a longstanding
concern about unorthodox accounting, stressing
in public comments for years that transparency in accounting is a "most
important innovation" for many institutions.
- 21 January 2002 US News column "Carping in Harvard Yard"
by John Leo
- 30 January 2002 SheThinks.org column "ROTC
Renaissance" by Matt Continetti. Comment: The
efforts of Advocates for Harvard ROTC
mentioned in this column began far before September 11th; the group has been
active since 1988.
- 31 January 2002 Harvard Crimson editorial "A Principled Stance on ROTC"
- February 2002 Army ROTC Newsletter
of President Summers of Harvard and Cadet Cromwell of Harvard expressing
appreciation for ROTC.
- 7 February 2002 Harvard Crimson column "Explaining
the Uniform" by Charles B. Cromwell '02. Comment:
Cromwell, president of the undergraduate group "Harvard ROTC
Association", announces a series of meetings and events to promote
ROTC on the Harvard campus. Speaking to this group would be a great way
for high-profile people to show their support for ROTC at Harvard. If
you have any suggestions or volunteers, contact
Advocates for Harvard ROTC and we'd be glad to pass them
along to Cromwell. The group is now
called the National Defense Forum.
- 8 February 2002 Lawrence Eagle-Tribune "He
fights to restore Harvard's ROTC". Comment:
Profile of the Chairman of Advocates for Harvard ROTC.
- 11 February 2002 Harvard Crimson article "President’s style gives conservatives hope"
- 20 February 2002 Harvard Crimson column "Mutual
Benefits" by Vasugi V. Ganeshananthan ’02. Comment:
The newly-elected head of the Undergraduate Council Sujean S. Lee ’03
is a supporter of ROTC and wants the Undergraduate Council to take up
- 22 February 2002 Harvard Crimson article "General Visits Campus, Meets with ROTC".
Comment: The visit was to facilitate collaboration and
training using the expertise of Harvard and MIT.
- 2 April 2002 First Annual Harvard
National Security Fellow - ROTC Cadet Mentorship Breakfast
- 4 April 2002 Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of
Staff General Richard Myers Meets with Harvard ROTC Cadets
- 11 April 2002 Boston Phoenix article "Young
guns". Comment: ROTC cadets at Paintball
- 26 April 2002 MIT ROTC Tri-Service Pass in Review
- 30 April 2002 Marshall
N. Carter speaks to the Harvard ROTC Association. Comment:
The group is now
called the National Defense Forum.
- May / June 2002 Harvard Magazine article "ROTC
Resurgent". See letters
published in the July / August issue.
- May / June 2002 Harvard Magazine article "Civil
Soldiers". Comment: Soldiers Field, where
Harvard's playing fields are located, was donated by a group of alumni,
including Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. It was used for ROTC drilling
- 2 May 2002 Harvard University Gazette "ROTC cadet receives top
award". Comment: Harvard ROTC cadet Charles
Cromwell '02 was named a winner of the George C. Marshall
award. President Bush was a speaker
at the award seminar.
- 5 May 2002 Harvard Undergraduate Council passes resolution "ROTC Student Services Act"
(full text here).
- 6 May 2002 Harvard Crimson article "Council
Asks University To Help Cadets Earn ROTC Credit". Comment:
This resolution makes it easier for
Harvard professors to have their courses count for ROTC credit as well
as Harvard credit.
- 8 May 2002 Harvard Crimson editorial "Council Bill Supports Cadets"
- 10 May 2002 Harvard College Financial Aid Office
adds to its Web site a letter
from LTC Brian Baker, Commander of the Paul
Revere Army ROTC Battalion, about full-tuition ROTC scholarships at
- 27 May 2002 Wall Street Journal Opinion Journal column "Crimson
and Camouflage: Will
Harvard bring back ROTC?" by Brendan Miniter. Reader
- June / July 2002 Policy Review article "An
Open Letter to Lawrence H. Summers" by Chester E. Finn Jr. '65 MAT
'67 EdD '70.
- 3 June 2002 Washington Times Op-Ed "Harvard's
Islamic embrace" by Pat Collins MBA '02
- 5 June 2002 Washington Times letter "Harvard's
renascent ROTC" by Michael Segal '76
- 5 June 2002 ROTC Commissioning
Ceremony in Harvard Yard with remarks
by President Lawrence Summers. Note: LTC Brian Baker
said "President Larry Summers and Dean Harry Lewis have done more for
ROTC in the past 12 months than any leader at Harvard in the past 40
years. Harvard ROTC student participation has nearly doubled in their
- 5 June 2002 remarks
by President Lawrence Summers at the ROTC Commissioning Ceremony.
- 6 June 2002 Harvard Crimson article "ROTC:
11 support for military rekindles debate". Note:
National Security Fellow - ROTC Cadet Mentorship Breakfast referred
to in the article was actually organized by ROTC and the National
Security Fellows and supported financially by the Harvard
ROTC Alumni Fund.
- 6 June 2002 Washington Times editorial "Harvard
still hates America". Comment: The editorial
Segal's 5 June letter; a correction appeared in a letter
published on 10 June.
- 6 June 2002 National Review column "Jihad
on Campus" by Pat Collins MBA '02
- 6 June 2002 Harvard Crimson article "Three
Harvard ROTC Students Commissioned"
- 6 June 2002 Harvard Crimson article "The
Cheerleader". Comment: Harvey C.
Mansfield Jr. ’53, Kenan professor of Government at Harvard, cites
President Summers' deliberate approach on the ROTC issue as evidence
that Summers is not a "bull in a china shop".
- 6 June 2002 Harvard Crimson article "15
Seniors who you hopefully met: The Soldier: Brian R. Smith".
Comment: This profile of 2LT Smith lists some of his
accomplishments but leaves out his crucial role in the passage of the
"ROTC Student Services Act",
covered in a previous
- 6 June 2002 Harvard University Gazette "Seniors
take oath at ROTC ceremony"
- 6 June 2002 Wall Street Journal OpinionJournal item "Progress
at Harvard" in "Best of the Web Today" by James Taranto. Comment:
Taranto notes the importance of President Summers' appearance at the ROTC
Commissioning Ceremony, quotes from Summers' speech, and reflects on the
attitude of America's enemies about homosexuality.
- 10 June 2002 Washington Times letter
ROTC cadets still have their eyes on the prize" by Michael
Segal '76. Comment: This letter corrects the misquote in the 6
June Washington Times editorial and quotes President
Summers and LTC Baker describing the progress at Harvard in promoting
- 11 June 2002 New York Times column "The
End of an Uncivil War" by Nicholas D. Kristof. Comment:
New York Times columnist Kristof notes the importance of President Summers' appearance at the ROTC
Commissioning Ceremony and reflects on the
attitude of America's enemies about homosexuality. See letters
June and 21
- 11 June 2002 Wall Street Journal OpinionJournal item "Progress
on West 43rd Street" in "Best of the Web Today" by James Taranto. Comment:
Taranto and Kristof reflect on the ROTC program and on the
attitude of America's enemies about homosexuality.
- 13 June 2002 New York Times letters "A
Truce: The Army and the Ivy" about the 11 June Kristof
- 14 June 2002 New York Times letter "An
Ivy-Pentagon Pact" by Nathaniel G. Butler '68 MBA '75. Comment:
Butler suggests that elite universities "make a deal with the
admirals and generals... to discontinue the `don't ask, don't tell'
policy" about homosexuality in the military. However,
the Pentagon does not have the power to make such a deal. The
rules about homosexuality are not Pentagon policy, they are federal
law. This is corrected in a 21
- 21 June 2002 New York Times letter "Gays
and the Military" by Michael Segal '76. This corrects the
- 24 June 2002 National Review column "All-American
Summers" by Jason Steorts '03.
- July / August Harvard Magazine "Humiditas"
(coverage of the ROTC Commissioning in June).
- July / August Harvard Magazine "Bring
back ROTC?" (letters about the article
in the May / June issue).
- 2 August 2002 Harvard Crimson article "FAS Course Will Count for ROTC:
Cadets may receive credit for taking Harvard government course".
Comment: Harvard had qualms about giving Harvard credit for
ROTC courses. Undeterred, ROTC proponents have arranged ROTC
credit for a Harvard course taught by a world-class expert who has
taught at the Naval War College and served on the National Security
- 23 August 2002 InstaPundit
item "READER JASON STRAUSS writes from Harvard Law School to
report that the law school has decided to open up to military
recruiters. The memorandum from Dean Clark, which he shared, speaks in
terms of legal necessities and federal funding, but I can't help
wondering if this is Larry Summers' influence."
- 23 August 2002 Harvard Law School allows military recruiters
(memorandum from Dean Robert C. Clark).
- 26 August 2002 Harvard Law School announcement "Dean
Robert C. Clark Announces Change to HLS Military Recruiting Policy"
(public announcement by Harvard Law School of the memorandum from Dean Robert C.
Clark circulated on 23 August).
- 26 August 2002 Harvard Crimson article "Law
School Will Allow Official Recruiting Visits by Military".
Comment: The article points out that this change
in policy at Harvard Law School brings its policies in line with
existing policies at Harvard College. This article also quotes an Air Force
that the decision to invoke the Solomon
Amendment was prompted by a change made in 2000 giving the
Department of Defense “more options regarding enforcement” of the
law, presumably referring to the Department of Defense regulations
of 13 January 2000 holding an entire university accountable for the actions of
each of its schools.
- 26 August 2002 Associate Press article "Harvard
Law OK's Military Recruiters"
- 27 August 2002 Boston Globe article "Harvard
Law ends its ban on military".
- 27 August 2002 Chronicle of Higher Education article "Harvard Law School, in Shift, Will Allow Military to Recruit at Campus Office"
Comment: Lindsay C. Harrison, a third-year law student and
president of Lambda, a gay-student organization, said "Every
interview slot is going to be filled with gay students wanting to talk
about this discriminatory policy."
- 28 August 2002 New York Times article "Harvard
Law School Bows to U.S. and Allows Military Recruiters"
- 28 August 2002 Wall Street Journal editorial
Doesn't (Quite) Hate America" Note: The
online copy appeared several days later.
- 29 August 2002 Boston Phoenix editorial "US
military bullies Harvard Law School". Comment:
The editorial says "Last December, after Congress strengthened
provisions of the Solomon Amendment, the Air Force again asked Harvard
to show that it was in compliance". They are apparently
referring to the Department of Defense regulations
of 13 January 2000 holding an entire university accountable for the actions of
each of its schools.
- 30 August 2002 Daily News Tribune editorial "Harvard
vs. the military"
- September 2002 Harvard Student Handbook Policies
on ROTC (follow footnote #1 for details). Comment:
The rules about homosexuality in the military are referred to as
"current federal policy" even though a more accurate description
would be "federal law" passed
- September 2002 Harvard University Freshman Dean's Office "Guide
for the Class of 2006 (section on ROTC)". Comment:
The rules about homosexuality in the military are referred to as "the
current policy of the military", which is not accurate since this is a
federal law passed
in 1993 that the military is obliged to follow.
- 3 September 2002 Boston Globe letter "If
only 'Veritas' ruled at Harvard" Comment: The letter urged Harvard to "negotiate a change in the current ''don't ask, don't tell'' policy" about homosexuality in the military, which Mr. Butler characterized as a "repugnant policy of the Pentagon". However, this would require more than a change in a "policy of the Pentagon". The rules about homosexuality in the military
law, passed by a Democratic House and Senate in 1993 and signed by a Democratic president.
- 9 September 2002 Harvard Crimson article "Air
Force To Recruit At Law School". Note:
The Department of Defense regulations from 2000 referred to in the
article were the 13
January 2000 regulations.
- 9 September 2002 Harvard Crimson editorial "Fight
the Air Force".
- 9 September 2002 Harvard Crimson "Editorial Notebook" "Pocketbook
Patriotism" by David M. DeBartolo '03, Editorial Chair
of the Crimson.
- 9 September 2002 Harvard Crimson Op-Ed "Military
Buys Discrimination" by Stephanie M. Skier '05.
- 11 September 2002 Harvard Crimson Op-Ed "Harvard
in America, a Year Later" by Harry R. Lewis '68, Dean of
Harvard College. Comment: Dean Lewis discussed the ROTC
issue, saying it had not "moved to a place where it would not have
been without Sept. 11".
- 11 September 2002 remarks
of Harvard University President Lawrence H. Summers at the September
11th commemoration in Harvard Yard. Comment: President
Summers said "Let us honor those who are prepared to make the
ultimate sacrifice to defend our freedom and show our support for those
among us who have the courage to make that fateful choice".
- 13 September 2002 Harvard Crimson Op-Ed "Give
the Military Another Look" by Lt. j.g. William P.
- 17 September 2002 Harvard Crimson Op-Ed "Cadets
Deserve Support" by Zachary K. Goldman '05.
- 19 September 2002 Harvard Crimson column "Security
Studies Are Strong" by Ernani J. DeAraujo ’03 and
Oliver B. Libby ’03.
- 20 September 2002 Harvard Crimson article "At
HLS, Protests Will Greet Air Force"
- 20 September 2002 Wall Street Journal OpinionJournal item "Ivy
League Sanity" in "Best of the Web Today" by James
Taranto. Comment: Taranto hails Harvard President Lawrence
Summers and Columbia undergraduate Eric Chen as examples of clear
thinking in the Ivy League. Chen describes advances in ROTC at
- 3 October 2002 Harvard Crimson article "Yale
Law Suspends Recruiting Policy". Comment:
"Yale Law School has temporarily suspended its
requirement that all recruiters sign a nondiscrimination policy".
It appears that Yale is maintaining its nondiscrimination
policy but has given a waiver to the military, as required by federal
law. Such an approach focuses the controversy onto
Congress, which has the power to change the law.
- 4 October 2002 Harvard Salient column "ROTC on the Move: The time has come to end a discriminatory policy"
by Francis X. Altiere.
- 7 October 2002 Harvard Crimson column "ROTC
Redux" by Jason L. Steorts '03
- 8 October 2002 Harvard Crimson article "Law
Faculty Make Case Against Military".
- 17 October 2002 Harvard Salient column "The
path ahead: What Summers can and must do to help our university"
by Gladden J. Pappin.
- 24 October 2002 Harvard Crimson article "A
Few Good Days With a Few Good Men (And Women): A
week in the life of ROTC". Comment:
The article documents that soldiers have returned to Soldiers Field,
noting "The Army is at Harvard for P.T. this morning. Sergeant Major Kraig E. Haas supervises as James S. Foreman ’04 leads stretching and stadium
runs". As described in the May / June 2002 Harvard Magazine article "Civil
Soldiers", Soldiers Field, where Harvard's playing fields are
located, was donated by a group of alumni, including Henry Wadsworth
Longfellow. It was used for ROTC drilling
for generations, a tradition restarted this semester.
- 30 October 2002 Northeast ROTC Commanders Visit Harvard.
- November/December Harvard Magazine article "Military Recruiters
Get Official Welcome".
- November/December Harvard Magazine column "Crimson, White, and
Blue" by Garrett M. Graff '03. See letters
published in the January/February 2003 issue.
- 12 November 2002 Boston Globe article "Despite
concerns, law schools admit military recruiters".
- 20 November 2002 Harvard Crimson article "Author
Argues For Strong President During Wartime". Comment:
Director of Strategic Studies at Johns Hopkins Prof. Eliot Cohen '77
(former Harvard ROTC cadet and father of current Harvard ROTC cadet Raphael S.
Cohen '04) calls for return of ROTC to Harvard, and Harvard Prof. Harvey C.
Mansfield ’53 speculates on whether it is better to be a general or a
- 12 December 2002 Fayetteville Observer column "Harvard
considers bringing back ROTC" by Margaret O'Connor. Comment:
Teenagers in North Carolina have heard about the increased stature of
ROTC at Harvard and are hoping to enroll.
- 13 December 2002 Second Annual Harvard National Security Fellow - ROTC Cadet Mentorship Breakfast.
- January/February 2003 Harvard Magazine letters "ROTC
at Harvard" (letters about the "Crimson, White, and
Blue" article in the November/December issue). Note:
Responses to these letters appeared in
the March - April issue.
- 7 January 2003 FrontPage Magazine article "Harvard
vs. ROTC". Correction: ROTC is not
banned at Dartmouth.
- 15 January 2003 Harvard Crimson column "Letting Students Be Soldiers"
by Richard C. Arthur. Comment: Arthur outlines steps
universities could take to facilitate students serving in the
military. Currently, one student who managed to squeeze military
service into his Harvard years has been called
up to serve. Arthur also points out benefits of military
experience among the nation's leaders: "One need look no farther than Clinton’s first presidential term as proof of the miscalculations that can occur when ignorance and distrust are pronounced features of the civil-military
- 21 February 2003 Harvard Crimson article "Study:
Military Policy on Gays Unfounded; Harvard
research shows ‘don’t ask, don’t tell’ does not protect privacy".
Comment: The study suggests there is a drawback to using a
privacy rationale for justifying the 1993 Federal
Law mandating the "Don't ask, don't tell" policy for the
military since the law "mandates investigations into peoples’
sexual orientation that can often be “invasive”". It also
points out that "the privacy rationale will soon become less
relevant, with a planned military barracks construction program giving
most men and women private baths and bedrooms within the next few
years". This leaves unanswered important questions about
sexual privacy when troops are deployed, but implies it may be useful to
think of the issue of gays in the military as a gender issue, similar to
issues about women in the military.
- March -April 2003 Harvard Magazine letters "The
Debate About ROTC". Note: These are
responses to letters
in the January - February issue.
5 March 2003 Eliot and Rafi Cohen - Family Tradition in Harvard ROTC
5 March 2003 Charles and Jeff Munns - Family Tradition in Naval ROTC
30 March 2003 New York Times article "Military
Mirrors Middle-Class America".
31 March 2003 Wall Street Journal Best of the Web Today
of the Obvious" by James Taranto. Comment:
Taranto discusses the 30 March New York Times article "Military
Mirrors Middle-Class America" and suggests "the most obvious way of getting more Harvard students into the military: reinstating ROTC on
campus... If the absence of recruits with an elite education really is a national problem, the first step toward solving it is an attitude adjustment in the ivory
2 April 2003 Wall Street Journal Op-Ed column "My
Ivy League Soldier: Why is that such a rare combination?" by Regina
E. Herzlinger. Comment: A Harvard Business School
Professor tells of her son, who did ROTC while at Harvard, and says the
country would be better off if more graduates of elite colleges served in
the military. Prof. Herzlinger is a member of Advocates
for Harvard ROTC.
14 May 2003
Practice Implementation Board meeting minutes. Note: In a meeting
of the Defense Business Board, Fred Cook said "we would like to have a DBB study on
an effort to bring ROTC back to elite Northeast campuses that kicked them
off campus during Vietnam. We want to set up meetings with the Assistant
Secretaries of the Services to see if we could move forward." Dana Mead
noted "There is an alumni contingent at Harvard, that would like to see this
3 June 2003 Harvard ROTC Commissioning
3 June 2003
President Lawrence H. Summers' speech at the ROTC
Commissioning Ceremony. Note:
President Summers said "Harvard aspires to train leaders of our country"
and includes military leaders in this universal vision for the university.
4 June 2003 Harvard Crimson article
Cadets Become Officers In Yard Ceremony".
- 4 June 2003 Bull Moose Republicans Op-Ed "ROTC
and the Ivy League: Land of the Brave?" by Bill Fusz.
5 June 2003 Harvard Gazette article
"ROTC members commissioned:
Graduates prepared to serve their country". See also a
of some of the graduating midshipmen.
July/August 2003 Harvard Magazine article "Commencement
Confetti". Note: the article includes a
photo and account of Rear Admiral Charles L. Munns administering the
oath of office to his son, graduating midshipman Jeffrey C. Munns '03.
30 July 2003
Practice Implementation Board meeting minutes. Note: In a
discussion about ROTC on elite colleges by the
Defense Business Board,
Fred Cook said "Dr. David Chu
is highly supportive but the Services are reluctant."
said "Mr. Larry Summers indicated that the mood on campus has changed.
Now might be a good time to get onto campus."
August 2003 Harvard College Freshman Dean's Office "Guide
for the class of 2007: ROTC".
10 August 2003 Washington Post Op-Ed "Repressing
ROTC" by Christina Hoff Sommers.
24 August 2003 New York Times Magazine article "Harvard
Radical" by James Traub '76. Note: Traub cites
Harvard President Lawrence Summers' support for ROTC as one of the defining
stands of his presidency.
25 August 2003 National Public Radio "All Things Considered"
Hilla, U.S. Troops and Locals Get Along". Note: NPR
interviewed Harvard graduate Seth Moulton '01 about his TV show in Iraq.
25 September 2003 Harvard Crimson article "Radical
Group To Rival BGLTSA: Founders
favor queer ‘resistance’". The newly-formed "Queer
Resistance Front" "protested and picketed the ROTC table at the
Freshman and Upperclass Activities Fairs for their “Don’t Ask, Don’t
Tell” policy towards queer members of the military."
10 October 2003 Harvard Crimson article "Panel
Discusses Military Policy Toward Gays".
28 October 2003 Harvard Crimson column "Respecting
ROTC" by Travis R. Kavulla ’06.
29 October 2003 Harvard Crimson article "More
Students Enroll in ROTC: Class of 18 first-years is largest in recent years".
13 November 2003 Harvard Crimson article "Pressure
Builds Against Military Recruiting: Despite HLS Petition, Summers Says Harvard Won't Challenge Solomon".
Note : University General Counsel Robert W. Iuliano wrote
“[F]or a variety of institutional considerations, including the partnership
that exists between universities and the federal government in a number of
important areas, the university itself does not expect to take the
adversarial step of initiating litigation”.
18 November 2003 Harvard Crimson article "HLS
Professors Will Soon File Solomon Suit: Summers explains University’s reluctant stance on litigation".
20 November 2003
Practice Implementation Board meeting minutes. Note: The
participants in Defense Business Board meeting discussed "implementing ROTC programs at
top tier schools".
mentioned the effort to restore ROTC at Columbia and said "I spoke to the
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs and he is extremely interested ... We would
like to get on the campus at Harvard. The President of Harvard has
showed an interest in this."
Bill Carr raised the possibility of
restoring ROTC at Yale, citing the difficulty of Yale students traveling to
ROTC programs at other colleges. He also discussed the tradeoff
between getting top tier cadets and paying the high cost of ROTC
scholarships to top tier schools. The group recommended to "approach
Harvard's President first and if successful, then approach Yale, Columbia
24 November 2003 Harvard Crimson article "Students
Get West Point Experience, For a Weekend".
25 November 2003 Harvard Crimson editorial "Acting
Unwise on Solomon".
8 December 2003 Harvard Crimson article "Alums’
Letter Blasts Summers: Gay, lesbian alums
call for Harvard to fight Solomon Amendment.
14 January 2004 Harvard Crimson article "Faculty
File Brief Against Pentagon". Note: A majority of
Harvard Law School faculty argue that denying access of military recruiters
to some Harvard Law School facilities does not violate the provision in the
Solomon Amendment about
universities prohibiting or preventing the military from "gaining entry to
campuses, or access to students ... on campuses, for purposes of military
20 February 2004 Harvard Crimson article "Government
Pushes Solomon Amendment".
30 March 2004 "Chairman
Cox Praises House Passage of H.R. 3966, Legislation to Revitalize ROTC on
Campus". Note: The House of Representatives passed the
343-81. Rep. Cox, a co-sponsor of the bill said it "might
just as well be called the Harvard Act--because it squarely addresses the
scandal of Harvard University and other schools banishing ROTC and military
recruiters from campus, while cashing Uncle Sam's checks for billions of
taxpayer dollars each year from the Department of Defense and other federal
agencies fighting the global war on terror."
5 April 2004 Harvard Crimson article "Funds
at Risk Due To ROTC Policy".
9 April 2004 Harvard Crimson editorial "Fight
Discrimination at All Costs: Harvard should stand strong on ROTC, even if it
means losing federal funding".
15 April 2004 Third Annual Harvard
National Security Fellow - ROTC Student Breakfast.
7 June 2004 Harvard Crimson article "College
Challenges Rigor of ROTC: In the wake of the Korean War, Harvard
re-evaluated the role of ROTC on campus".
9 June 2004 "Harvard ROTC
Commissioning Ceremony 2004". Note: Secretary of the Air
James G. Roche
DBA '72 was on hand to "show solidarity with a great academic leader and
commission a young friend".
9 June 2004 Harvard University Gazette article "ROTC
commissioning sends off Harvard officers". Note:
More photos are in the
June version of this article.
9 June 2004 "Remarks
of Harvard University President Lawrence H. Summers:
ROTC Commissioning Ceremony".
10 June 2004 Harvard Crimson article "Senior
To Sail Troubled Waters". Note: An interview
with Stephen P. Bosco '04, one of the students
commissioned on 9 June. Bosco contrasts the positive attitudes towards
ROTC among students to the attitudes among faculty.
20 June 2004 Boston Globe article "As
ROTC debate stirs again, a few proud men graduate: Summers salutes Harvard
program". Note: Rafi Cohen '06 responded to critics who say
that the wealthy and educated send poor, uneducated people to fight their
wars by saying "I essentially agree with those critics: There shouldn't be
such a deep divide between social classes. That's part of why I enlisted".
September 2004 Harvard Magazine article "Dispatches
from the Front: 'You minimize travel'". Note: Vincent J.
Tuohey '01 says he appreciates how Harvard President Lawrence Summers has
changed the attitude of Massachusetts Hall toward ROTC and the military: "It
meant a lot to the alumni over here when he spoke at the [ceremony] and
mentioned many of us by name."
4 October 2004 Harvard Crimson column "Recognize
ROTC, Recognize War:
Keeping ROTC off campus is keeping students in the dark" by Alexander
B.H. Turnbull ’05.
18 October 2004 Harvard Crimson article "Rally
Decries Military Policy". Note: The article describes
the impending presidential approval of legislation clarifying rules for ROTC
on college campuses.
18 October 2004 Harvard Crimson letter "Accepting
ROTC would condone discrimination" by M Barusch '06 and Jordan Woods
'06. The writers respond to the 4 October Crimson
30 November 2004 Associated Press article "Harvard
Law to Bar Military Recruiters".
30 November 2004 A Perspective from
the Professor of Military Science by LTC Brian L. Baker, Professor of
Military Science at MIT. Note: LTC Baker, the ROTC leader in
charge of Harvard students in Army ROTC said "We’re moving ever so closer to
the day when we’ll need to post a Captain and a Sergeant on campus, in the
Yard, with access, and University support. I will meet with President
Summers this spring to discuss this very issue and intend to request he
allow/enable us to take this next step necessary to double our enrollment by
1 December 2004 Harvard Crimson article "HLS
2 December 2004 Harvard Crimson editorial "Defeating
the Solomon Amendment".
16 December 2004 Wall Street Journal article "At
Ivy League Schools, ROTC, Long Banned, Plots a Comeback: Push May Stir Up
Old Passions On These Elite Campuses; A Beachhead at Harvard".
Note: The article
discusses the movements to bring back ROTC to Harvard, Columbia, Yale and
Brown, backed by the
efforts of the
Defense Business Board and a request
from the military. See
letters on 10 January.
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